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  • Treatise on light
  • 點閱:7
  • 並列題名:惠更斯光論
  • 作者: 惠更斯(Christiaan Huygens)著
  • 出版社:高等教育出版社
  • 出版年:2016[民105]
  • 集叢名:HEP world's classics
  • ISBN:978-7-04-045317-1;
  • 格式:JPG
  • 附註:內容為英文 含索引
租期14天 今日租書可閱讀至2021-08-12

內容簡介

本書出版於1690年,是惠更斯光學研究的重要著作,副標題是“其中解釋了反射和折射,尤其是冰島水晶的奇異折射發生的各種原因”。主要介紹了惠更斯所建立的光的波動學說,建立了著名的惠更斯原理。惠更斯原理是近代光學的一個重要基本理論。光的波動學說,打破了當時流行的光的微粒學說,在光學科學發展中產生了重大的影響。本書是根據Silvanus P. Thompson的1912年英譯本重排。

  • CHAP. I. On Rays Propagated in Straight Lines.(第1頁)
    • That Light is produced by a certain movement.(第2頁)
    • That no substance passes from the luminous object to the eyes.(第2頁)
    • That Light spreads spherically almost as Sound does.(第2頁)
    • Whether Light takes time to spread.(第2頁)
    • Experience seeming to prove that it passes instantaneously.(第3頁)
    • Experience proving that it takes time.(第5頁)
    • How much its speed is greater than that of Sound(第6頁)
    • In what the emission of Light differs from that of Sound(第6頁)
    • That it is not the same medium which serves for Light and Sound.(第7頁)
    • How Sound is propagated.(第8頁)
    • How Light is propagated.(第9頁)
    • Detailed Remarks on the propagation of Light.(第10頁)
    • Why Rays are propagated only in straight lines.(第13頁)
    • How Light coming in different directions can cross itself.(第15頁)
  • CHAP. II. On Reflexion.(第16頁)
    • Demonstration of equality of angles of incidence and reflexion.(第16頁)
    • Why the incident and reflected rays are in the same plane perpendicular to the reflecting surface.(第17頁)
    • That it is not needful for the reflecting surface to be perfectly flat to attain equality of the angles of incidence and reflexion.(第18頁)
  • CHAP. III. On Refraction.(第20頁)
    • That bodies may be transparent without any substance passing through them.(第20頁)
    • Proof that the ethereal matter passes through transparent bodies.(第21頁)
    • How this matter passing through can render them transparent.(第21頁)
    • That the most solid bodies in appearance are of a very loose texture.(第21頁)
    • That Light spreads more slowly in water and in glass than in air.(第22頁)
    • Third hypothesis to explain transparency, and the retardation which Light suffers.(第22頁)
    • On that which makes bodies opaque.(第23頁)
    • Demonstration why Refraction obeys the known proportion of Sines.(第24頁)
    • Why the incident and refracted Rays produce one another reciprocally.(第27頁)
    • Why Reflexion within a triangular glass prism is suddenly augmented when the Light can no longer penetrate.(第27頁)
    • That bodies which cause greater Refraction also cause stronger Reflexion.(第29頁)
    • Demonstration of the Theorem of Mr. Fermat.(第29頁)
  • CHAP. IV. On the Refraction of the Air.(第32頁)
    • That the emanations of Light in the air are not spherical.(第32頁)
    • How consequently some objects appear higher than they are.(第32頁)
    • How the Sun may appear on the Horizon before he has risen.(第34頁)
    • That the rays of light become curved in the Air of the Atmosphere, and what effects this produces.(第34頁)
  • CHAP. V. On the Strange Refraction of Iceland Crystal.(第37頁)
    • That this Crystal grows also in other countries.(第37頁)
    • Who first-wrote about it.(第37頁)
    • Description of Iceland Crystal; its substance, shape, and properties.(第37頁)
    • That it has two different Refractions.(第38頁)
    • That the ray perpendicular to the surface suffers refraction, and that some rays inclined to the surface pass without suffering refraction.(第39頁)
    • Observation of the refractions in this Crystal.(第39頁)
    • That there is a Regular and an Irregular Refraction.(第40頁)
    • The way of measuring the two Refractions of Iceland Crystal.(第40頁)
    • Remarkable properties of the Irregular Refraction.(第42頁)
    • Hypothesis to explain the double Refraction.(第43頁)
    • That Rock Crystal has also a double Refraction.(第43頁)
    • Hypothesis of emanations of Light, within Iceland Crystal, of spheroidal form, for the Irregular Refraction.(第44頁)
    • How a perpendicular ray can suffer Refraction.(第44頁)
    • How the position and form of the spheroidal emanations in this Crystal can be defined.(第45頁)
    • Explanation of the Irregular Refraction by these spheroidal emanations.(第47頁)
    • Easy way to find the Irregular Refraction of each incident ray.(第48頁)
    • Demonstration of the oblique ray which traverses the Crystal without being refracted.(第51頁)
    • Other irregularities of Refraction explained.(第52頁)
    • That an object placed beneath the Crystal appears double, in two images of different heights.(第56頁)
    • Why the apparent heights of one of the images change on changing the position of the eyes above the Crystal.(第59頁)
    • Of the different sections of this Crystal which produce yet other refractions, and confirm all this Theory.(第61頁)
    • Particular way of polishing the surfaces after it has been cut.(第63頁)
    • Surprising phenomenon touching the rays which pass through two separated pieces; the cause of which is not explained.(第64頁)
    • Probable conjecture on the internal composition of Iceland Crystal, and of what figure its particles are.(第66頁)
    • Tests to confirm this conjecture.(第67頁)
    • Calculations which have been supposed in this Chapter.(第69頁)
  • CHAP. VI. On the Figures of the Transparent Bodies Which Serve forRefraction and for Reflexion.(第75頁)
    • General and easy rule to find these Figures.(第75頁)
    • Invention of the Ovals of Mr. Des Cartes for Dioptrics.(第77頁)
    • How he was able to find these Lines.(第80頁)
    • Way of finding the surface of a glass for perfect refraction, when the other surface is given.(第82頁)
    • Remark on what happens to rays refracted at a spherical surface.(第87頁)
    • Remark on the curved line which is formed by reflexion in a spherical concave mirror.(第89頁)
  • INDEX.(第92頁)
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租期14天
今日租書可閱讀至2021-08-12
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